Top Controversial photo manipulation throughout the history!!!!

Is it only photo manipulation or memory and history manipulation?:

Who and why???

Image manipulation is an application of image editing technique to create deception or illusion after the photograph has been taken. When anyone mention the term “Photo Manipulation” the first thing comes to our mind is a computer based software called Photoshop. It seems this software have introduced the term “Photo Manipulation” to us. But history tells us the story on photo manipulation from 1860!!!!!.

(ref: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2107109/Iconic-Abraham-Lincoln-portrait-revealed-TWO-pictures-stitched-together.html)

Yes this was not only before the Photoshop but also before the history of computer too!!! I know what question is making your brain explode! because that happened to me too! How did they do it back then????

How did they do it???

In pre-digital era photo manipulation was all about retouching with paint, ink, double-exposure, combining  photo or negative in dark room, scratching Polaroids. Airbrushes(don’t mix with Photoshop airbrush tool) were used too. There are evidence of usage of other tools like gouache paint, kneaded erasers, charcoal sticks.

Retouche-set

With these they did it what we do it with Photoshop now!!!

Who did it and why??

When I studied the history of photo manipulation, I found that photo manipulation is almost as old as photography as it self! Which can be proved by authentic sources given bellow. And do you know  who are the 1st practitioners of this technique ?? They were the most renown politicians and state heads!!yes this technique was used for political issues. To manipulate history and memories!! Politicians like Abraham lincon, Joseph Stalin, Vladimir Lenin etc.

1.     Iconic Abraham Lincoln portrait revealed to be two pictures:

The most iconic picture of Abraham Lincoln that you have seen hanged on the wall of your class room is not real!! It is manipulated. Abraham never posed for that portrait! And this is the 1st history of photo manipulation till to day as it is claimed the photo is from 1860. This was made because there are no appropriate heroic style portrait of Lincoln during his life time.

abraham-lincoln-doctored-photoshopped-john-calhoun-body

 It was created by cutting-and-pasting a headshot of Lincoln taken from a photograph by Mathew Brady onto a portrait of the Southern leader John Calhoun (right). It was created by Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company (later to become Eastman Kodak).

2. General Ulysses. S. Grant on a Horse in front of Troops, circa 1864

This print purports to be of General Ulysses S. Grant in front of his troops at City Point, Virginia, during the American Civil War. Some very nice detective work by researchers at the Library of Congress revealed that this print is a compositeof three separate prints: (1) the head in this photo is taken from a portrait of Grant; (2) the horse and body are those of Major General Alexander M. McCook; and (3) the backgoround is of Confederate prisoners captured at the battle of Fisher’s Hill, VA.

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3. General Francis P. Blair Added to Photograph of General Sherman Posing with his Generals, circa 1865

In this photo by famed photographer Mathew Brady, General Sherman is seen posing with his Generals. General Francis P. Blair (far right) was added to the original photograph.

general-francis-p-blair-added-to-general-sherman-photograph-1 general-francis-p-blair-added-to-general-sherman-photograph-2

4. Stalin Airbrushes Out His Enemies, circa 1930

stalin-photoshop-doctored-airbrushed-out-enemy

Stalin was notorious for routinely airbrushing his enemies out of photographs. As people fell out of favor with Stalin, so to did their photographic identity. In this image we see a comissar removed after falling out of Stalin’s good graces.

5. Mao Tse-tung Removes Po Ku, 1936

mao-tse-tung-removes-po-ku-from-photo

 In this doctored photograph, Mao Tse-tung (right) had Po Ku (left) removed from the original photograph, After Po Ku fell out of favor with Mao.

6. Hitler Removes Joseph Goebbels, 1937

hitler-doctored-photoshop-airbrushes-removes-joseph-goebbles-1937

In this doctored photograph, Adolf Hitler had Joseph Goebbels (second from the right) removed from the originalphotograph. It remains unclear why exactly Goebbels fell out of favor with Hitler.

7. Canadian PM William Lyon Mackenzie King  Removes King George VI, 1939

canadian-prime-minister-removes-king-george-vi-from-photo-with-queen-for-political-poster-1939

Prime Minster of Canada, William Lyon Mackenzie King, removed King George VI from the original photograph with the PM alongside Queen Elizabeth. The photograph was used on an election poster for the Prime Minister, so the theory is that an image of just Mackenzie with the Queen put him in a more powerful light.

8. Benito Mussolini had the horse handler removed in 1942

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Benito Mussolini didn’t want to look like he needed help to atop a horse while he triumphantly raising a sword to air so he had to remove the horse handler from his photo in 1942.

9. Watch Removed from WWII Russian Flag Raising Photograph, 1945

The editor-in-chief of Russian Magazine Ogoniok, removed a soldier’s watch as they raised the soviet flag atop the German Reichstag building during WWII. The reason? If you look closely, the soldier has a watch on his other hand as well. This suggests that ‘looting’ may have occurred before this photo was taken.

raising-russian-flag-wwii-watch-removed-photoshop-doctored

10. Trotsky Vanishes In 1967

The most common examples of photograph alteration and falsification come from communist Russia. Unwanted persons, so-called “enemies of the people” were not only killed, but also removed from photographs where their presence was unwanted. Photographs were altered with the intent of changing the past.

Leon Trotsky was a close friend of Lenin, and shared his idealistic ideas about the communist state. In the following photographs he can be seen together with Lenin.

DIGITAL CAMERA Lenin-e-Trotsky

The next set of images are nearly identical, however Trotsky is removed from both photographs.Lenin-6 Lenin

11. Kent State Massacre Fencepost Removal, 1970

In this Pulitzer Prize winning photograph by John Filo, we see Mary Ann Vecchio screaming as she kneels over the body of student Jeffrey Miller at Kent State University. The Kent State Shootings occurred when National Guardsmen had fired into a crowd of demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine. The photo originally featured a visually distracting fencepost behind Mary Ann Vecchio’s head, but this was removed by an unknown photo editor in the early 1970’s. The modified photo then was published in Life magazine and other publications.

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What is Clipping Path:

Clipping path is a widely used process in photo editing by professional graphic editors. Within this process, the focus is scheduled over a central object that is preserved and the rest of the parts inside the image are removed. The removal of backgrounds in a photo will last many purposes. Clipping path process makes it easier to get rid of background photos in bigger size images.

Additional tools:

There are additional tools seen in photo shop to take out backgrounds. One can possibly make use of the eraser tool. But image background removal by making use of eraser tool is a very time-consuming process. Also the grade of the rest of the image is not that good.

Tool using Process:

Whereas clipping path process uses are simple pen tool in photo shop. This pen tool will then be utilized to draw an overview about the main object without touching or modifying any other part of the image. This leads to the growth of two objects, the path and the image. The benefit of this process is that the main central object produces a vector, so that it may be stretched or resized to the dimension without loss in quality of image, often known as pixilation effect.

After Process Way:

Once the whole process of clipping path is finished, the picture as well as the path is stored in personal files to create EPS. This file can be harnessed for many times as you want.

How to Use Raw Image:

Background removal is used for creating bigger and much better images from existing raw images. If an individual has a photograph with a few undesirable elements in the shadows, those undesirable background objects can be taken off through the photograph by making use of clipping path process. The remaining portion of the photograph can be preserved and resized as being a brand-new image, without any decrease of quality.

Common Term:

Detourage photo may be the common term for fixing the errors and photos by removing unwanted objects through the image. There are lots of facets of this process. It is accustomed to manipulate the brightness and shade of affected spots in photographs. This may also take away the redeye effect.

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Regular 
Basic Clipping Path
This image has a very plain curve, could be plain or oval with single closed path and very easy to knockout it’s background.
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Simple Clipping Path
This Image has straight or oval shape line with upto 5 closed curves little harder than Basic Clip- ping Path.
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These images are a combination of few Basic Paths with many outlining curves and shapes with upto 10 closed paths.
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Clipping Path with Original Shadow
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